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Line D (yellow) currently runs from Hospital S. João in the north to Santo Ovídio on the southern side of the Douro river. This resulted ultimately in the overthrow of the monarchy and proclamation of the republic by the 5 October 1910 revolution.[42][43][44]. In 2005, the municipality funded a public sculpture to be built in the Waterfront Plaza of Matosinhos. The week has 12 major events, starting with the Monumental Serenata on Sunday, and reaching its peak with the Cortejo Académico on Tuesday, when about 50,000 students of the city's higher education institutions march through the downtown streets till they reach the city hall. [71] The city has the Lello Bookshop, which is frequently rated among the top bookstores in the world.[72]. [65], Porto is connected with Lisbon via high-speed trains, Alfa Pendular, that cover the distance in 2h 42min. Porto tuberculosis rates are at Third World proportions (comparatively, London faces a similar phenomenon). 1950 192,000. In 2013, the city had a population of approximately 220,000, made up of a mix of different nationalities, including native Portuguese people and non-nationals from Angola, Cape Verde, Brazil, Ukraine, Guinea Bissau, and Mozambique, as well as a large expatriate community that have made the move to Porto. This event is still remembered by a plate at the Ponte D. Luis I. Judging by past figures, which show that 65% of residents lived in rural areas in 1960, migration to the larger cities because of higher education institutions, industrial opportunities, healthcare and other benefits, combined with continued growth and expansion of cities is leading to the increase in urban population. Due to the depopulation of the city's interior, however, the number of students has dropped substantially in the last decade, forcing a closure of some institutions. In 1703, the Methuen Treaty established the trade relations between Portugal and England. This was 2.25% of total Portugal population. By the 13th century the wine produced in the Douro valley was already transported to Porto in barcos rabelos (flat sailing vessels). Six lines are open: lines A (blue), B (red), C (green) and E (purple) all begin at Estádio do Dragão (home to FC Porto) and terminate at Senhor de Matosinhos, Póvoa de Varzim (via Vila do Conde), ISMAI (via Maia) and Francisco Sá Carneiro airport respectively. [21] Among the architectural highlights of the city, Porto Cathedral is the oldest surviving structure, together with the small romanesque Church of Cedofeita, the gothic Igreja de São Francisco (Church of Saint Francis), the remnants of the city walls and a few 15th-century houses. Question: What is the population of Porto? Porto was considered the fourth best value destination for 2012, by Lonely Planet. Portus Cale, later referred to as Portucale, was the origin for the modern name of Portugal. [37] It was replaced by the Ponte D. Maria II, popularised under the name Ponte Pênsil (suspended bridge) and built between 1841–43; only its supporting pylons have remained. [citation needed]. Currently the major project is the Porto Metro, a light rail system. A typical dish from this city is Tripas à Moda do Porto (Tripes Porto style). The development of Porto was also closely connected with the left margin of River Douro in Vila Nova de Gaia, where is located the amphitheatre-shaped slope with the Port wine cellars. As of 2020, Portugal’s population is 10.2 million people. On 19 January 1919, forces favourable to the restoration of the monarchy launched a counter-revolution in Porto known as Monarchy of the North. [citation needed]. The biggest city, Lisbon, is also the capital, and it has a population that has exceeded 500,000. In July 2015 a new cruise terminal was opened at the port of Leixões, which is north of the city in Matosinhos. [40], A higher-learning institution in nautical sciences (Aula de Náutica, 1762) and a stock exchange (Bolsa do Porto, 1834 - 1910[41]) were established in the city, but were discontinued later.[when? As the most important city in the heavily industrialized northwest, many of the largest Portuguese corporations from diverse economic sectors, like Altri, Ambar, Amorim, Bial, Cerealis, BPI, CIN, EFACEC, Frulact, Lactogal, Millennium bcp, Porto Editora, Grupo RAR, Sonae, Sonae Indústria, and Unicer, are headquartered in the Greater Metropolitan Area of Porto, most notably, in the core municipalities of Maia, Matosinhos, Porto, and Vila Nova de Gaia. In addition, Porto is connected to the Spanish city of Vigo with the Celta train, running twice every day, a 2h 20 min trip.[66]. [70] In the scope of these events, the construction of the major concert hall space Casa da Música, designed by the Dutch architect Rem Koolhaas, was initiated and finished in 2005. STCP also operates these routes as well as a tram museum. For foreigners wishing to study Portuguese in the city there are a number of options. The city is connected to Valença (Viana do Castelo) by highway A28, to Estarreja (Aveiro) by the A29, to Lisbon by the A1, to Bragança by the A4 and to Braga by the A3. Other notable venues include the historical São João National Theatre, the Rivoli theatre, the Batalha cinema and Casa da Música, inaugurated in 2005. The economic relations between the city of Porto and the Upper Douro River have been documented since the Middle Ages. Answer: Porto, Portugal (Administrative unit: Norte) - last known population is ≈ 237 600 (year 2011).This was 2.25% of total Portugal population.If population growth rate would be same as in period 2001-2011 (-1.02%/year), Porto population in 2020 would be: 216 676*. The building where its offices are located (which has the same name as the newspaper) was up to recently[when?] Formerly, Salgueiros from Paranhos was a regular first division club during the 1980s and 1990s but, due to financial indebtedness, the club folded in the 2000s. Population of Portugal (2020) View live population, charts & trends: Population of Portugal. The weather is often rainy for long stretches, although prolonged sunny periods do occur. Three years later, it collapsed under the weight of thousands of fugitives from the French invasions during the Peninsular War, causing thousands of deaths. This was 0.057% of total Brazil population.If population growth rate would be same as in period 2010-2015 (+2.76%/year), Porto Seguro population in 2020 would be: 136 634*. Salgueiros, who sold the grounds of Estádio Engenheiro Vidal Pinheiro field to the Porto Metro and planned on building a new field in the Arca d'Água area of Porto. During every night of the week a series of concerts takes place on the Queimódromo, next to the city’s park, where it is also a tradition for the students in their second-to-last year to erect small tents where alcohol is sold in order to finance the trip that takes place during the last year of their course of study; an average of 50,000 students attend these events.[74]. Built in 1876, its 172 metres (564 ft) span was then the longest of its type in the world. Many renowned Portuguese music artists and cult bands such as GNR, Rui Veloso, Sérgio Godinho, Clã, Pluto, Azeitonas and Ornatos Violeta are from the city or its metropolitan area. The second largest city, Porto, has only half of that population but continues to grow at a steady rate to hit its next milestone of 300,000 residents. However, the greatest lever to interregional trade relations resulted from the commercial dynamics of the Port wine (Vinho do Porto) agro industry. From the riverside quays at the river mouth, these products were exported to other markets of the Old and New World. When Miguel I of Portugal took the Portuguese throne in 1828, he rejected this constitution and reigned as an absolutist monarch. For the Euro 2004 football competition, held in Portugal, the Estádio do Dragão was built (replacing the old Estádio das Antas) and the Estádio do Bessa was renovated. Boavista have won the championship once, in the 2000–01 season and reached the semi-finals of the UEFA Cup in 2003, where they lost 2–1 to Celtic. Summer average temperatures are a few degrees cooler than those expected in more continentally Mediterranean-influenced Portuguese cities because of the oceanic influence. He demarcated the region for production of port, to ensure the wine's quality; this was the first attempt to control wine quality and production in Europe. Question: What is the population of Porto Seguro? [50] As a result, its climate shares many characteristics with the coastal south: warm, dry summers and mild, rainy winters. The neoclassicism and romanticism of the 19th and 20th centuries also added interesting monuments to the landscape of the city, like the magnificent Stock Exchange Palace (Palácio da Bolsa), the Hospital of Saint Anthony, the Municipality, the buildings in the Liberdade Square and the Avenida dos Aliados, the tile-adorned São Bento Train Station and the gardens of the Crystal Palace (Palácio de Cristal). Porto is home to the Porto School of Architecture, one of the most prestigious architecture schools in Europe and the world. [45][46] During this time, Porto was the capital of the restored kingdom, as the movement was contained to the north. The French army was rooted out of Porto by Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, when his Anglo-Portuguese Army crossed the Douro River from the Mosteiro da Serra do Pilar (a former convent) in a brilliant daylight coup de main, using wine barges to transport the troops, outflanking the French Army.[33]. [citation needed] The small winegrowers revolted against his strict policies on Shrove Tuesday, burning down the buildings of this firm. Other smaller companies connect such towns as Paços de Ferreira and Santo Tirso to the town center. [62] A scholarly study published in June 2019 stated that "Porto is one of the fastest growing European tourist destinations that has experienced Port Au Prince's 2020 population is now estimated at 2,773,553.In 1950, the population of Port Au Prince was 133,278.Port Au Prince has grown by 334,952 since 2015, which represents a 2.61% annual change. [citation needed] It decidedly bolstered the complementary relationship between the large coastal urban centre, endowed with open doors to the sea, and a region with significant agricultural potential, especially in terms of the production of extremely high quality fortified wines, known by the world-famous label Port. As the most popular city in Portugal for ERASMUS students, most universities have facilities to assist foreigners in learning the language. The country has many major cities that contribute to the total population figures. [48], Administratively, the municipality is divided into 7 civil parishes (freguesias):[49]. The club was refounded in 2008 and began playing at the regional level. In the 14th and the 15th centuries, Porto's shipyards contributed to the development of Portuguese shipbuilding. Like Dockery, he drew his inspiration from the city, the Douro river and the rural areas. last known population is ≈ 237 600 (year 2011). Its combined Celtic-Latin name, Portus Cale,[17] has been referred to as the origin of the name Portugal, based on transliteration and oral evolution from Latin. During the Roman occupation of the Iberian Peninsula, the city developed as an important commercial port, primarily in the trade between Olissipona (the modern Lisbon) and Bracara Augusta (the modern Braga). The country's first movie studios Invicta Filmes was also erected in Porto in 1917 and was open from 1918 to 1927 in the area of Carvalhido. Consequently, the Infante bridge was built for urban traffic, replacing the Dom Luís I, which was dedicated to the light rail on the second and higher of the bridge's two levels. In the future, as cities began to grow and the population as a whole also sees growth, it will be interesting to see what milestones Portugal's major cities will see next. Since 2011, a new highway, the A32, connects the metropolitan area to São João da Madeira and Oliveira de Azeméis. The later Ponte Dom Luís I replaced the aforementioned Ponte Pênsil. [34] In 1822, a liberal constitution was accepted, partly through the efforts of the liberal assembly of Porto (Junta do Porto). These occasional summer rainy periods may last a few days and are characterised by showers and cool temperatures around 20 °C (68 °F) in the afternoon. 37% of the population live in rural areas. [67] A bus journey is 2.00 €, which must be paid in cash. The club's pitch is located off the Rua Campo Alegre. The city has an extensive bus network run by the STCP (Sociedade dos Transportes Colectivos do Porto, or Porto Public Transport Society) which also operates lines in the neighbouring cities of Gaia, Maia, Matosinhos, Gondomar and Valongo. This station was built between 1900 and 1916, based on plans by architect José Marques da Silva. Breaking down the population further shows that there are a higher percentage of females than males. Porto or Oporto[a][8] (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈpoɾtu] (listen)) is the second-largest city in Portugal and one of the Iberian Peninsula's major urban areas. The monarchy was deposed less than a month later and no other monarchist revolution in Portugal happened again. Luís de Magalhães, "Porque restaurámos a Carta em 1919", Globalization and World Cities Research Network, Cedofeita, Santo Ildefonso, Sé, Miragaia, São Nicolau e Vitória, List of twin towns and sister cities in Portugal, Base de Datas de Portugal - População residente: total e por grandes grupos etários, World Urbanization Prospects (2009 revision), European Spatial Planning Observation Network, "Historic Centre of Porto, Luiz I Bridge and Monastery of Serra do Pilar", "Europe's best destinations 2014 – Europe's Best Destinations", "Vestígios da presença sueva no noroeste da península ibérica: na etnologia, na arqueologia e na língua", "Tratado de paz, amizade e confederação entre D. João I e Eduardo II, rei de Inglaterra, denominado Tratado de Windsor", "The Mariners' Museum – EXPLORATION through the AGES", "1ª Republica – Dossier temático dirigido às Escolas", "5 de Outubro de 1910: a trajectória do republicanismo", "A Porto University document/study in Portuguese", "Normais Climatológicas – 1981–2010(provisórias) – Porto", Publico.pt – Índice de competitividade coloca Évora no topo e Porto em último, "Expresso – Ranking of "Best Cities to Live in Portugal" where Porto was ranked in third, below Lisbon and Guimarães and tied with Évora", "Tourists and real estate investors home in on Porto", "Porto enjoys rapid growth in visitors in 2018 for tourism & conferences", "Urban Tourist Motivations in the City of Porto", "Porto - Santiago de Compostela: Trains, Buses & Carpooling", "Luso Pages - Oporto / Porto (Portugal) Trams and Trolleybuses", Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, "Rotterdam and Porto: Cultural Capitals 2001: visitor research. [57] A new ranking, published in the newspaper Expresso (Portuguese Newspaper) in 2007 which can be translated to "The Best Cities to Live in Portugal" ranked Porto in third place (tied with Évora) below Guimarães and Lisbon. The city has a large number of public and private elementary and secondary schools, as well as kindergartens and nurseries. The "Historic Centre of Porto, Luiz I Bridge and Monastery of Serra do Pilar" is a Unesco World Heritage site.[16]. [30] In 1717, a first English trading post was established in Porto. [35] A Civil War was then fought from 1828 to 1834 between those supporting Constitutionalism, and those opposed to this change, keen on near-absolutism and led by D. Miguel. By 2050, the population is projected to be 9.08 million people and by 2099, the population is expected to be down to 7.01 million people. [80] In 2002, the situation was not better with 34/100 000 nationwide and 64/100 000 in Porto district. Porto, in addition to football, is the home to many athletic sports arenas, most notably the city-owned Pavilhão Rosa Mota, swimming pools in the area of Constituição (between the Marquês and Boavista), and other minor arenas, such as the Pavilhão do Académico. [21] Porto was also important during the Suebian and Visigothic times, and a centre for the expansion of Christianity during that period. In 2004 the situation improved to 53/100 000.[81]. This historic area includes the cathedral with its Romanesque choir, the neoclassical Stock Exchange and the Manueline-style Church of Santa Clara. Cool and rainy days can, occasionally, interrupt the dry season. Even though it does have multiple cities that have what would be considered large populations, Portugal has yet to have any of its cities hit the one million inhabitant landmark. Porto district has the highest rate of tuberculosis positive cases in Portugal. Porto features a warm-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen: Csb), with influences of an oceanic climate (Cfb) like the north of Spain. The large panels of azulejo tile were designed by Jorge Colaço; the murals represent moments in the country's history and rural scenes showing the people of various regions. [73] In this season it's a tradition to have a vase with bush basil decorated with a small poem. Basically, before the beginning of the study period preceding the school year’s last exams, academia tries to have as much fun as possible. The average time people wait at a stop or station for public transit is 12 minutes, while 17.4% of riders wait for over 20 minutes on average every day. Porto is served by Francisco de Sá Carneiro Airport which is located in Pedras Rubras, Moreira da Maia civil parish of the neighbouring Municipality of Maia, some 15 kilometres (9 miles) to the north-west of the city centre. Epidemiological analysis indicated the existence of undisclosed sources of infection in these communities, responsible for continuing transmission despite a control rate of 83% in the district. Tourism revenue has been increasing by over 11%, according to a 2018 report. [9] Porto's metropolitan area has an estimated 1.7 million people (2019)[10] in an area of 2,395 km2 (925 sq mi),[11], making it the second-largest urban area in Portugal. The best-known museums of Porto are the National Museum Soares dos Reis (Museu Nacional de Soares dos Reis), which is dedicated especially to the Portuguese artistic movements from the 16th to the 20th century, and the Museum of Contemporary Art of the Serralves Foundation (Museu de Arte Contemporânea). Population. On 29 March 1809, as the population fled from the advancing French troops[31][32] and tried to cross the river Douro over the Ponte das Barcas (a pontoon bridge), the bridge collapsed under the weight. In Portuguese, the name of the city includes a definite article: o Porto ("the port" or "the harbor"), which is where its English name "Oporto" comes from.[18]. [60], According to a February 2019 report, over 10% of economic activity in Porto is generated by tourism. Six other cities have populations that exceed 100,000, while 176 other cities have slightly smaller populations that fall under 100,000 but exceed 10,000, altogether contributing to the country's total figures. [56] Nevertheless, the validity of this study was questioned by some Porto notable figures (such as local politicians and businesspersons) who argued that the city proper does not function independently but in conurbation with other municipalities. [20], The city received 2.8 million overnight visitors and 1.4 million day trippers between January and November 2017, with 73% from other countries. The best-ranked cities in the study were Évora, Lisbon and Coimbra. Answer: Porto Seguro, Brazil (Administrative unit: Bahia) - last known population is ≈ 119 300 (year 2015). [16] The western part of its urban area extends to the coastline of the Atlantic Ocean. Two more bridges are said to be under designing stages and due to be built in the next 10 years, one on the Campo Alegre area, nearby the Faculty of Humanities and the Arts, and another one in the area known as the Massarelos valley. [61] The hotel occupancy rate in 2017 was 77%. If population growth rate would be same as in period 2001-2011 (-1.02%/year), Porto population in 2020 would be: 216 676*. The baroque style is well represented in the city in the elaborate gilt work interior decoration of the churches of St. Francis (São Francisco) and St. Claire (Santa Clara), the churches of Mercy (Misericórdia) and of the Clerics (Clérigos), the Episcopal Palace of Porto, and others. Porto houses the largest synagogue in the Iberian Peninsula and one of the largest in Europe – Kadoorie Synagogue, inaugurated in 1938. About 6.5% of public transit riders ride for more than two hours every day. However, they were greatly deepened in the modern ages. The country's biggest exporter (Petrogal) has one of its two refineries near the city, in Leça da Palmeira (13 km) and the second biggest (Qimonda, now bankrupt) has its only factory also near the city in Mindelo (26 km).[55]. From Campanhã station, both light rail and suburban rail services connect to the city center. The World Heritage Site is defined in two concentric zones; the "Protected area", and within it the "Classified area". The city also has residents that originally were born in Angola, Brazil, Cape Verde, and countries across Europe. [36] Porto is also called "Cidade Invicta" (English: Unvanquished City) after successfully resisting the Miguelist siege. 1951 197,000 The lines in operation all use vintage tramcars, so the service has become a heritage tramway. However, some of the biggest cities have hit other population milestones. Many of the city's oldest houses are at risk of collapsing. 88. The Porto metropolitan area had a GDP amounting to $43.0 billion, and $21,674 per capita. Every year in October the Porto Marathon is held through the streets of the old city of Porto. The historic area is also a National Monument of Portugal. Manoel de Oliveira, a Portuguese film director and the oldest director in the world to be active until his death in 2015, was from Porto. [9] The largest age group, according to 2016 estimates, is 60 to 69, followed by residents in the 50 to 59 demographic. It is a kind of sandwich with several meats covered with cheese and a special sauce made with beer and other ingredients. Located a few hundred metres away from the old grounds, it became impossible to build on this land due to a large underground water pocket, and, consequently, they moved to the Estádio do Mar in Matosinhos (owned by Leixões). Porto or Oporto (Portuguese pronunciation: ()) is the second-largest city in Portugal and one of the Iberian Peninsula's major urban areas. The first Portuguese moving pictures were taken in Porto by Aurélio da Paz dos Reis and shown there on 12 November 1896 in the Teatro do Príncipe Real do Porto, less than a year after the first public presentation by Auguste and Louis Lumière. The newest bridge is Infante Dom Henrique Bridge, finished in 2003. [15], Located along the Douro River estuary in northern Portugal, Porto is one of the oldest European centres, and its core was proclaimed a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1996, as "Historic Centre of Porto, Luiz I Bridge and Monastery of Serra do Pilar". The lines intersect at the central Trindade station. Another major event is Queima das Fitas, that starts on the first Sunday of May and ends on the second Sunday of the month. Line F (orange), from Senhora da Hora (Matosinhos) to Fânzeres (Gondomar). Porto won the European Best Destination 2012, 2014 and 2017 awards. Summers are typically sunny, with average temperatures between 16 and 26 °C (61 and 79 °F), but can rise to as high as 38 °C (100 °F) during occasional heat waves. They now play at the third level of Portugal's national football pyramid. Fertility in Portugal. Porto's metropolitan area has an estimated 1.7 million people (2019) in an area of 2,395 km 2 (925 sq mi),, making it the second-largest urban area in Portugal. In a study concerning competitiveness of the 18 Portuguese district capitals, Porto was the worst-ranked. The invasion of the Napoleonic troops in Portugal under Marshal Soult brought war to the city of Porto. A guided visit to the Palácio da Bolsa, and in particular the Arab Room, is a major tourist attraction. Nearby beaches are often windy and usually cooler than the urban areas. The biggest stadiums in the city are FC Porto's Estádio do Dragão and Boavista's Estádio do Bessa. Porto is often referred to as Cidade das Pontes (City of the Bridges), besides its more traditional nicknames of "Cidade Invicta" (Unconquered/ Invincible City) and "Capital do Norte" (Capital of the North). exponential growth in the demand for city-break tourists".[63]. Seyrig won a governmental competition that took place in 1879. Due to its long history, the city of Porto carries an immense architectural patrimony. [25] The Portuguese-English alliance (see the Treaty of Windsor) is the world's oldest recorded military alliance.[26][27]. Porto is home to a number of dishes from traditional Portuguese cuisine. However, long periods with warmer temperatures and sunny days are frequent even during the rainiest months. Also from the port of Porto, in 1415, Prince Henry the Navigator (son of John I of Portugal) embarked on the conquest of the Moorish port of Ceuta, in northern Morocco. In 2001, Porto shared the designation European Culture Capital. The intercities take slightly more than 3 hours to cover the same distance. There are two main teams in Porto: FC Porto in the parish of Campanhã, in the eastern part of the city and Boavista in the area of Boavista in the parish of Ramalde, in the western part of the city, close to the city centre. Fantasporto is an international film festival organized in Porto every year. An Englishman, Frederick William Flower, moved to Porto in 1834 at the age of 19 to work in the wine trade and subsequently became a pioneer of photography in Portugal. Currently, the whole network spans 60 km (37 mi) using 68 stations, thus being the biggest rapid transit system in the country.

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